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Roman Calendar

Roman Calendar Research

Roman Calendar

The origins of the Roman calendar are murky at best, and until the reforms Julian Caesar made to the calendar in 45 BC, the calendar was unreliable at best. From what little information exists, the Roman year started in March 1 and comprised 304 days over the span of 10 months—Martius, Aprilis, Maius, Junius, Quintilis, Sextilis, September, October, November, December. The 304 days of the year were then followed by a winter period with no name and no specific number of days.

Allegedly, king Numa Pompilius then introduced the months of February and January—in that order—in between December and March, which increased the length of the year to 354 or 355 days. Later, February was moved so that it falls in its current position between January and March.To compensate for the shortage of days in a year, an intercalary month (Intercalaris or Mercedonius) was added in some years.

Problems with The Roman Calendar

Besides the fact the Roman calendar wasn’t aligned to the solar year, it depended upon Roman priests to perform the calculations to structure the year. This proved an utter disaster, as these officials were politically motivated to shorten or lengthen years depending on which authorities they wanted to remain in office and what kind of bribes were being offered them to modify the duration of a year. Also, because leap years were considered unlucky, they were simply ignored during times of crisis.

Julian Calendar Reforms to The Roman Calendar

Due to growing concerns over the confusion caused by their calendar, Julius Caesar implemented broad changes to the Roman calendar in 45 BC. The change were so sweeping that it is no common to refer to the Julian calendar as something altogether separate from the Roman calendar. To implement the calendar, the numerous omitted leap months had to be made up. This resulted the first year of the new calendar having 15 months and 445 days.

Roman Calendar Didn’t Have Sequential Days

While most of us think of a calendar as a numerical sequence of days, the Roman calendar had instead three essential points:

Days were numbered by how many days came before Nonae or the days before Idus, and also the number of days before the next Kalendae (first of the month).

The Roman Calendar vs The Biblical Calendar

Similarities between the Roman calendar and the Biblical calendar begin and end with the fact that both count days. The calculations the Roman calendar were based became so arbitrary, certainly in the last few decades before the transition to the Julian calendar—as to make any scholarly attempt at aligning the Biblical calendar with the Roman calendar nearly impossible.

Don Roth, an engineer by profession, has conducted extensive research into the Biblical calendar and its relationship to the Hebrew Calculated calendar. In his free 3-DVD collection, Don explains his mathematical proof for why the Hebrew Calculated calendar is true to the Biblical calendar and can be considered the true calendar of God.

Order your free DVDs revealing Don’s proof today, or to ask a question regarding the Biblical calendar and the Roman calendar.

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