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Lunar Calendar

Lunar Calendar

As you might surmise by the name, a lunar calendar is based on the cycles of the moon.  In ancient times, a calendar based on lunations (lunar cycles) would have been used for knowing when to plant crops, when the tides came in and out, when to migrate to avoid floods or extreme weather conditions, and for religious purposes.

Origins of The Lunar Calendar

Lunar Calendar ResearchA lunar year consists of 12 lunar months, with a total of 354.37 days. Lunar calendars have been largely replaced by the Gregorian calendar (a calendar based on the earth’s revolution around the sun), but ancient man in many parts of the world tracked time by the phases of the moon. Marks found on animal bones and cave walls dating as far back as 17,000 years are believed by many researchers to be primitive lunar calendars.

Surprisingly, there are still cultures and places where the pure lunar calendar is still in use. The Islamic calendar, for instance, which has a 12-month year in which the months can differ from each solar year by as much as 11 or 12 days. Although this calendar is primarily used for religious purposes, it is actually the official calendar in Saudi Arabia. The calendar consists of months which alternate between 29 or 30 days, except in the 12th month, which is where additional days are added in a leap year in order to keep the calendar synchronized.

Lunisolar Calendars

Although pure lunar calendars are used very rarely now, many of what are referred to as lunar calendars are actually lunisolar calendars. In a lunisolar calendar, the months are based on the lunar cycle, but intercalary months are added in between other months to reconcile the calendar year with the solar year. The result is a changing number of months in any given year—every two to three years they have to add a 13th month to keep things on track.  Both the Chinese and the Hebrew calendars use this system.

While the Gregorian calendar is the standard in virtually all of the civilized world, lunar and lunisolar calendars are still widely used to determine when holidays and religious observances take place. China, Korea, Japan, Pakistan, India and Nepal, for instance, all use a lunar calendar or lunisolar calendar for these purposes. Obviously, these countries also have to go by the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes.

The Lunar Calendar vs The Biblical Calendar

Similarities between the lunar calendar and the Biblical calendar begin and end with both accounting, to varying degrees, for lunar cycles in their calculations for the length of a year. The calculations which both calendars are based on are complex and deeply rooted in each culture’s religious and agricultural traditions, as well as their observations of solar and lunar cycles.

Don Roth, an engineer by profession, has conducted extensive research into the Biblical calendar and its relationship to the Hebrew Calculated calendar. In his free 3-DVD collection, Don explains his mathematical proof for why the Hebrew Calculated calendar is true to the Biblical calendar and can be considered the true calendar of God.

Order your free DVDs revealing Don’s proof today, or to ask a question regarding the Biblical calendar and the lunar calendar.

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